API Conventions

A collection of conventions that components of Airship utilize for their REST APIs

Resource path naming

  • Resource paths nodes follow an all lower case naming scheme, and pluralize the resource names. Nodes that refer to keys, ids or names that are externally controlled, the external naming will be honored.
  • The version of the API resource path will be prefixed before the first node of the path for that resource using v#.# format.
  • By default and unless otherwise noted, the API will be namespaced by /api before the version. For the purposes of documentation, this will not be specified in each of the resource paths below. In more complex APIs, Airship components may use values other than /api to be more specific to point to a particular service.
/api/v1.0/sampleresources/ExTeRnAlNAME-1234
      ^         ^       ^       ^
      |         |       |      defer to external naming
      |         |      plural
      |        lower case
     version here

Status responses

Status responses, and more specifically error responses (HTTP response body accompanying 4xx and 5xx series responses where possible) are a customized version of the Kubernetes standard for error representation. Airship utilizes the details field in a more formalized way to represent multiple messages related to a status response, as follows:

{
  "kind": "Status",
  "apiVersion": "v{{#.#}}",
  "metadata": {},
  "status": "{{Success | Failure}}",
  "message": "{{message phrase}}",
  "reason": "{{reason name}}",
  "details": {
    "errorCount": {{n}},
    "messageList": [
       { "message" : "{{message contents}}",
         "error": true|false,
         "kind": "SimpleMessage" }
       ...
    ]
  },
  "code": {{http status code}}
}

such that:

  • The metadata field is optionally present, as an empty object. Clients should be ready to receive this field, but services are not required to produce it.
  • The message phrase is a terse but descriptive message indicating what has happened.
  • The reason name is the short name indicating the cause of the status. It should be a camel cased phrase-as-a-word, to mimic the Kubernetes status usage.
  • The details field is optional.
  • If used, the details follow the shown format, with an errorCount and messageList field present.
  • The repeating entity inside the messageList can be decorated with as many other fields as are useful, but at least have a message field and error field.
    • A kind field is optional, but if used will indicate the presence of other fields. By default, the kind field is assumed to be "SimpleMessage", which requires only the aforementioned message and error fields.
  • The errorCount field is an integer representing the count of messageList entities that have error: true
  • When using this document as the body of a HTTP response, code is populated with a valid HTTP status code

Required Headers

X-Auth-Token
The auth token to identify the invoking user. Required unless the resource is explictly unauthenticated.

Optional Headers

X-Context-Marker
A context id that will be carried on all logs for this client-provided marker. This marker may only be a 36-character canonical representation of an UUID (8-4-4-4-12)

Validation API

All Airship components that participate in validation of the design supplied to a site implement a common resource to perform document validations. Document validations are synchronous. Because of the different sources of documents that should be supported, a flexible input descriptor is used to indicate from where an Airship component will retrieve the documents to be validated.

POST /v1.0/validatedesign

Invokes an Airship component to perform validations against the documents specified by the input structure. Synchronous.

Input structure

{
  rel : "design",
  href: "deckhand+https://{{deckhand_url}}/revisions/{{revision_id}}/rendered-documents",
  type: "application/x-yaml"
}

Output structure

The output structure reuses the Kubernetes Status kind to represent the result of validations. The Status kind will be returned for both successful and failed validation to maintain a consistent of interface. If there are additional diagnostics that associate to a particular validation, the entries in the messageList should be of kind "ValidationMessage" (preferred), or "SimpleMessage" (assumed default base message kind).

Failure message example using a ValidationMessage kind for the messageList:

{
  "kind": "Status",
  "apiVersion": "v1.0",
  "metadata": {},
  "status": "Failure",
  "message": "{{Component Name}} validations failed",
  "reason": "Validation",
  "details": {
    "errorCount": {{n}},
    "messageList": [
       { "message" : "{{validation failure message}}",
         "error": true,
         "name": "{{identifying name of the validation}}",
         "documents": [
             { "schema": "{{schema and name of the document being validated}}",
               "name": "{{name of the document being validated}}"
             },
             ...
         ]
         "level": "Error",
         "diagnostic": "{{information about what lead to the message}}",
         "kind": "ValidationMessage" },
       ...
    ]
  },
  "code": 400
}

Success message example:

{
  "kind": "Status",
  "apiVersion": "v1.0",
  "metadata": {},
  "status": "Success",
  "message": "{{Component Name}} validations succeeded",
  "reason": "Validation",
  "details": {
    "errorCount": 0,
    "messageList": []
  },
  "code": 200
}

ValidationMessage Message Type

The ValidationMessage message type is used to provide more information about validation results than a SimpleMessage provides. These are the fields of a ValidationMessage:

  • documents (optional): If applicable to configuration documents, specifies the design documents by schema and name that were involved in the specific validation. If the documents element is not provided, or is an empty list, the assumption is that the validation is not traced to a document, and may be a validaiton of environmental or process needs.
    • schema (required): The schema of the document. E.g. drydock/NetworkLink/v1
    • name (required): The name of the document. E.g. pxe-rack1
  • error (required): true if the message indcates an error, false if the message indicates a non-error.
  • kind (required): ValidationMessage
  • level (required): The severity of the validation result. This should align with the error field value. Valid values are "Error", "Warning", and "Info".
  • message (required): The more complete message indicating the result of the validation. E.g.: MTU 8972 for pxe-rack1 is invalid for standard (non-jumbo) frames
  • name (required): The name of the validation being performed. This is a short name that identifies the validation among a full set of validations. It is preferred to use non-action words to identify the validation. E.g. "MTU in bounds" is preferred instead of "Check MTU in bounds"
  • diagnostic (optional): Provides further contextual information that may help with determining the source of the validation or provide further details.

Health Check API

Each Airship component shall expose an endpoint that allows other components to access and validate its health status. Clients of the health check should wait up to 30 seconds for a health check response from each component.

GET /v1.0/health

Invokes an Airship component to return its health status. This endpoint is intended to be unauthenticated, and must not return any information beyond the noted 204 or 503 status response. The component invoked is expected to return a response in less than 30 seconds.

Health Check Output

The current design will be for the component to return an empty response to show that it is alive and healthy. This means that the component that is performing the query will receive HTTP response code 204.

HTTP response code 503 with a generic response status or an empty message body will be returned if the component determines it is in a non-healthy state, or is unable to reach another component it is dependent upon.

GET /v1.0/health/extended

Airship components may provide an extended health check. This request invokes a component to return its detailed health status. Authentication is required to invoke this API call.

Extended Health Check Output

The output structure reuses the Kubernetes Status kind to represent the health check results. The Status kind will be returned for both successful and failed health checks to ensure consistencies. The message field will contain summary information related to the results of the health check. Detailed information of the health check will be provided as well.

Failure message example:

{
  "kind": "Status",
  "apiVersion": "v1.0",
  "metadata": {},
  "status": "Failure",
  "message": "{{Component Name}} failed to respond",
  "reason": "HealthCheck",
  "details": {
    "errorCount": {{n}},
    "messageList": [
       { "message" : "{{Detailed Health Check failure information}}",
         "error": true,
         "kind": "SimpleMessage" },
       ...
    ]
  },
  "code": 503
}

Success message example:

{
  "kind": "Status",
  "apiVersion": "v1.0",
  "metadata": {},
  "status": "Success",
  "message": "",
  "reason": "HealthCheck",
  "details": {
    "errorCount": 0,
    "messageList": []
  },
  "code": 200
}

Versions API

Each Airship component shall expose an endpoint that allows other components to discover its different API versions. This endpoint is not prefixed by /api or a version.

GET /versions

Invokes an Airship component to return its list of API versions. This endpoint is intended to be unauthenticated, and must not return any information beyond the output noted below.

Versions output

Each Airship component shall return a list of its different API versions. The response body shall be keyed with the name of each API version, with accompanying information pertaining to the version's path and status. The status field shall be an enum which accepts the values stable and beta, where stable implies a stable API and beta implies an under-development API.

Success message example:

{
  "v1.0": {
    "path": "/api/v1.0",
    "status": "stable"
  },
  "v1.1": {
    "path": "/api/v1.1",
    "status": "beta"
  },
  "code": 200
}